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OILS AND FATS

Sept food prices up as prices of veg oils offset falling cereal prices
Saturday, 07 October, 2017, 08 : 00 AM [IST]
Rome
Global food prices rose slightly in September, as firmer prices of vegetable oils, and to a lesser extent, dairy products offset declining prices for staple cereal grains.

The Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Food Price Index averaged 178.4 points for the month of September, up 0.8 per cent from August and marking a 4.3 per cent increase from a year earlier.

The FAO Food Price Index is a measure of the monthly change in international prices of a basket of food commodities.

The FAO Vegetable Oil Price Index increased by 4.6 per cent, driven primarily by palm oil, although values for soy, rapeseed and sunflower oils also rose.

The FAO Dairy Price Index rose by 2.1 per cent from August, driven by butter and cheese prices at a time of supply constraints in Australia, New Zealand and the European Union (EU). Meat prices were broadly unchanged.

The FAO Cereal Price Index declined by one per cent, as maize and wheat quotations fell in step with strong supply and harvest prospects. The United Nations (UN) agency expected the current growing season to yield record worldwide cereals output.

The FAO Sugar Price Index was unchanged for the month, but it was about 33 per cent below its year-ago level - a decline due to the oversupply in world markets and a slowdown in demand.

Cereal inventories head for a new high
“FAO updated its global cereal production forecast for 2017, raised to 2,612 million tonne, or almost seven million tonne above the record set in 2016,” according to the Cereal Supply and Demand Brief, also released today.

September’s forecasts were raised on account of robust wheat production trends in the EU and the Russian Federation and expected maize outputs in China and the United States of America.

FAO now forecasts 750.1 million tonne of wheat to be harvested in 2017 and 1,361 million tonne of coarse grains, as well as 500.7 million tonne of rice, slightly down from the previous forecast, but close to last year’s record output.

The UN agency forecast world cereal stocks by the close of seasons in 2018 to reach a new all-time high of 720.5 million tonne. That would take the stocks-to-use ratio of cereals - an indicator of the likely price direction - to 27 per cent, well above the historical low of 20 percent registered exactly a decade ago.

The ratio for wheat is even higher - 34.6 per cent - due to significant inventory build-ups in China and Russia.

World trade in cereals is expected to rise slightly over the marketing year to reach 403 million tonne, a new record, led by much larger maize imports by China, the EU and the Islamic Republic of Iran.

While Russia is set to consolidate its role as the world’s largest wheat exporter, Argentina and Brazil are expected to be the main beneficiaries of the projected expansion in world trade in coarse grains.
 
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