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India is world’s largest milk producer, with 22% of global production
Friday, 21 May, 2021, 15 : 00 PM [IST]
Dr Kishore Indukuri
In India, the status of milk goes far beyond input to diet, nutrition or health and goes on to becoming a way of life with ceremonies and beliefs getting included in the usage of milk.

According to recent data, in the last three decades, world milk production has increased by more than 59 per cent, from 530 million tonne in 1988 to 843 million tonne in 2018. And out of that India is the world’s largest milk producer, with 22 per cent of global production. India and Pakistan produce about 80% of all buffalo milk worldwide, followed by China, Egypt, and Nepal.

Along with being a producer, India is also the biggest consumer of milk, making it one of the most sourced and consumed items. While cows’ milk remains the most chosen variant for children and aged population of India, the heartland of India depends on buffaloes’ milk.

Historically the cows’ milk is the chosen drink for direct intake, especially in the case of children and elderly; for sweetmeats, paneer, curd, ice creams and all other secondary products dependent on milk, buffalo milk remains the most important input.

Buffalo milk is rich in proteins and contains less cholesterol as compared to cow’s milk, and it is good for people suffering from diseases such as PCOD, hypertension, kidney diseases, and obesity. Milk, whether cow’s milk or buffalo’s milk, is a very healthy food item. Just like cow’s milk, buffalo milk has a high nutritional value and is used to produce dairy products like butter, yogurt, cheese, and ice cream.

In case anyone wants to lose weight, one can prefer buffalo milk as it increases feelings of fullness. This may help reduce food intake throughout the day and helps in body fat. Similarly, if anyone want to reduce their fat intake or have mild lactose intolerance, opting for cow’s milk may be better.

Both the types of milk are good for health and have their own health benefits. So, what to consume depends on individual preference. Just make sure that milk is part of your daily diet.

Health Benefits

Cow’s Milk

Buffalo’s Milk

Cow milk is filled with calcium, vitamin D, phosphorus and magnesium

Buffalo milk is rich in protein, calcium, iron, phosphorous, vitamin A, and several other nutrients

9 essential amino acids

Buffalo milk is beneficial for your overall heart health.

Strengthens immune system and repair the damaged cells and tissues.

Prevents onset of bone related ailments like osteoporosis and arthritis

Development and maintenance of bone and muscle

Buffalo milk boasts of potassium content that is extremely crucial for stable blood pressure

Prevents the risk of osteoporosis and osteoarthritis

Buffalo milk is a perfect drink for those who are looking to increase their muscle mass.

Enhancing the overall brain development of a growing child.

Keeps skin nourished and vitalised with a bevy of nutrients.

Weight Loss


(The author is founder, Sid's Farm)
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